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April 1981

Handbook of Ophthalmology for Developing Countries

Arch Ophthalmol. 1981;99(4):705. doi:10.1001/archopht.1981.03930010705038

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This is the second edition of an excellent contribution by an ophthalmologist who has worked for more than 25 years in Kenya. He has also had experience in Uganda and is now associated with the St John Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem.

Though the book is not immediately applicable to American ophthalmology, it makes fascinating reading. For example, it is interesting that the author, with his rich experience in Africa, has never seen a uveal melanoma nor multiple sclerosis in one of the native patients. Tropical diseases affecting the eye are discussed in detail and illustrated carefully. This holds true especially for onchocerciasis, leprosy, and trachoma. An interesting discussion is contributed by Dr D. Gibbs on Luapula disease, which is a type of keratomalacia occurring in Zambia. The book is full of "little gems" such as the Nairobi eye, which is an East African linear, red weal (whiplash dermatitis) produced by

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