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January 1982

The Cornea in Measles

Author Affiliations

Iowa City


monograph in Ophthalmology, vol 3, by N. W. H. M. Dekkers, 122 pp, with illus, $29, The Hague, Dr W Junk NV Publishers, 1981.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1982;100(1):167. doi:10.1001/archopht.1982.01030030169030

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This monograph describes the clinical and laboratory findings of patients with measles keratoconjunctivitis in western Kenya, where the project was supported by Dutch laboratories. The postmeasles blindness produced by corneal opacities and ulcers represents an important public health aspect in developing countries. It is not clear why this is so. Some people have assumed that any infectious disease with fever could deplete the meager vitamin A storage in the body and produce a keratomalacia leading to corneal necrosis and scarring. However, the author could find viral agents (both measles and herpes simplex) with elegant immunofluorescent tests from the corneal lesions.

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