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January 1984

A Simplified Method for Analyzing Data From the Three-Step Test

Author Affiliations

Galveston, Tex

Arch Ophthalmol. 1984;102(1):23. doi:10.1001/archopht.1984.01040030013007

To the Editor.  —In 1958, Parks1 described a three-step test to ascertain which muscle is responsible for a cyclovertical imbalance. The first step narrowed the possibilities to four muscles; the second step excluded two of those four muscles; and the final step, the Bielschowsky head-tilt test, indicates which of the two muscles that remain is the weak muscle.During a busy clinical examination, it can be difficult to concentrate on the raw data that are obtained from the three-step test. A series of logical steps will help practitioners analyze that data quickly and efficiently (Figure).First, all vertical deviations from the primary position should be defined in terms of a hyperdeviation; that is, it should be called a right hyperdeviation (instead of a left hypodeviation).Second, if the hyperdeviation increases in the gaze that is directed to the same side as the hyperdeviation, the palsied muscle is assumed to

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