• Twenty-nine eyes of 27 patients demonstrated the typical features of neuroretinitis with a mascular star. Historical and fluorescein angiographic features of this condition implicate a bloodborne infectious agent. It is likely that multiple agents can produce this condition, including the agent of cat-scratch fever and leptospirosis. A small subgroup may exist in whom this condition resembles anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and has a less favorable clinical course than is usual. There is evidence that this condition is not related to demyelinating disease. It is emphasized that this condition is not a maculopathy since vascular leakage in the optic nerve causes the star. Therefore, we suggest that this condition be renamed Leber's idiopathic stellate neuroretinitis.
Richard F. Dreyer, Gary Hopen, J. Donald M. Gass, J. Lawton Smith. Leber's Idiopathic Stellate Neuroretinitis. Arch Ophthalmol. 1984;102(8):1140–1145. doi:10.1001/archopht.1984.01040030918013