• A Q-switched neodymium-YAG laser was used to produce a corneoscleral perforation in human cadaver eyes. A through-and-through incision could be created solely with the YAG laser at peak pulse energies of 16 millijoules (mj). The minimal total energy required for perforation was 3,312 mJ. However, "optimal" perforation, producing splitting along natural scleral cleavage planes, required 26,676 mJ. Scanning electron microscopy showed the perforations to be clean holes with little debris.
Wayne F. March, Tseggai Gherezghiher, Michael C. Koss, Robert E. Nordquist. Experimental YAG Laser Sclerostomy. Arch Ophthalmol. 1984;102(12):1834–1836. doi:10.1001/archopht.1984.01040031492030