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September 1985

Twenty-fifth Anniversary of Fluorescein Angiography

Author Affiliations


Arch Ophthalmol. 1985;103(9):1269. doi:10.1001/archopht.1985.01050090019002

To the Editor.  —I will share with your readers the origin of the idea for fluorescein angiography, two ironic anecdotes, and, finally, a few comments describing my career in ophthalmology.Harold Novotny and I were junior and senior medical students, respectively, in October 1959. Each of usSee also p 1301.desired employment doing research in a clinical department at the Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis. The only openings available at that time of year were in the Department of Medicine, working for its chairman, John B. Hickam, MD. Dr Hickam had received a research grant to study the oxygen saturation of retinal blood vessels by photography. Harold and I learned to use the Zeiss Fundus Camera on each other, to develop film, and to print pictures. We enlisted our medical student colleagues as subjects; they were paid to breathe various mixtures of oxygen and carbon dioxide as they

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