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February 1986

Rebleeding After Traumatic Hyphema

Author Affiliations

From the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Miami School of Medicine.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(2):206-210. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050140060020

• We reviewed the medical records of 175 patients who were admitted between 1977 and 1984 with a diagnosis of traumatic hyphema to define the incidence of operative intervention for the treatment of complications related to rebleeding. Of the 156 patients admitted with primary hyphemas, 25 (16%) rebled during hospitalization. Seven of these 25 in-hospital rebleeds required surgical intervention. Nineteen other patients were admitted with ocular histories and examinations strongly suggestive of rebleeding prior to admission (secondary hyphema — presumed preadmission rebleed). Seven of these 19 eyes underwent surgery. Of the 175 eyes studied, only one eye that did not rebleed underwent surgery during the initial hospitalization. Fourteen (32%) of 44 eyes that rebled underwent operative intervention. Nine of these 14 patients were operated on under general anesthesia. Potential benefits of newer hyphema treatments, such as ε-aminocaproic acid, designed to prevent rebleeding should be weighed against not only the ocular risks of rebleeding but also the risks of general anesthesia.

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