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April 1986

Congenital Hereditary (Juvenile X-linked) Retinoschisis: Histopathologic and Ultrastructural Findings in Three Eyes

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs Condon, Brownstein, and Kearns) and Pathology (Drs Condon, Brownstein, Wang, and Kearns), McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal; and the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Saskatchewan, University Hospital, Saskatoon (Drs Kearns and Ewing). Dr Condon is now with the Ophthalmology Residency Program, University of Western Ontario, London. Dr Kearns is now with the Department of National Defence, Ottawa.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(4):576-583. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050160132029

• One surgically enucleated and two postmortem eyes were obtained from two related men with congenital hereditary retinoschisis. A periodic acid-Schiff-positive amorphous material was identified within the retina adjacent to the schisis cavities. Ultrastructural examination of this material showed numerous extracellular filaments, measuring approximately 11 nm in diameter. Similar filaments were found in the vitreous in all three globes and in a normal globe. We believe that the intraretinal filaments are produced by defective Müller cells and that their extracellular accumulation may lead to degeneration of these cells and subsequent schisis formation.

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