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August 1986

A Simplified Method of Treating Retinal Detachment With Macular Hole: Long-term Follow-up

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, Nagoya (Japan) University School of Medicine.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(8):1234-1236. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050200140070

• Eighteen patients with macular hole retinal detachment and no visible posterior vitreoretinal connections were treated by one of two methods. In ten patients with extensive retinal detachment, the subretinal fluid was released in the temporal scleral side, and 1.0 mL or more of air or gas was injected into the vitreous cavity through the pars plana. In eight patients with localized retinal detachment in the posterior pole, 0.7 mL or more of gas was injected into the vitreous cavity after 0.3 to 0.5 mL of aqueous humor was released. Macular buckling, macular diathermy, or vitrectomy was not used. After the operation, the patients were placed in a prone position for at least six hours a day until the air or gas disappeared from the vitreous cavity. In 15 of 18 patients, the retina remained attached during follow-up periods that ranged from four to 32 months (average, 14 months). This operation is easy and safe and requires no sophisticated instruments. In addition, the macula is not damaged, as it can be by diathermy and buckling. This procedure should be the treatment of choice in patients with retinal detachments with macular holes but without other breaks or visible vitreous adhesion.

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