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September 1986

Three Memoirs on Iridectomy in Certain Forms of Iritis, Choroiditis

Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(9):1282. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050210036016

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Albrecht von Graefe (1828-1870) was the son of the noted ophthalmologist Carl Ferdinard von Graefe and the grandson of King Friedrich Wilhelm III. He was an attractive young man who grew up in an atmosphere of culture and wealth and moved easily within social circles that included his colleagues Bowman and Donders. From his position as professor at the University of Berlin, he dominated German ophthalmology during his lifetime and founded his famous journal Archiv fur Ophthalmologie.

The memoirs on iridectomy stand as the foundation on which was built much of our subsequent knowledge of the clinical aspects of glaucoma. Here one reads the first descriptions of visual fields as applied to disease, the effect on vision of an acute attack of glaucoma, the fundus findings during an acute episode, and the first analysis of what happens to the optic nerve as the result of glaucomatous damage. The most dramatic

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