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December 1986

Antigens of Herpes Simplex Virus in Whole Corneal Epithelial Sheets From Mice

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Ms Shimeld and Drs Lewkowicz-Moss and Easty) and Microbiology (Ms Lipworth and Drs Hill and Blyth), University of Bristol Medical School, Bristol, England.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1986;104(12):1830-1834. doi:10.1001/archopht.1986.01050240104049

• Mice were inoculated with herpes simplex virus in the skin of the snout or by scarification on the cornea and then examined for eye disease using a slit lamp. Whole mounts of corneal epithelium were stained for virus antigens by the peroxidase-antiperoxidase method, and infectious virus was isolated from eyewashings. Antigens were present one day after corneal inoculation, but after inoculation of the snout, there was a delay of three days before antigens were seen. This delay and the distribution of antigens were evidence of zosteriform spread from the snout to the eye via the nervous system. Disease of the cornea varied in severity and timing depending on the site of inoculation. The peroxidase-antiperoxidase method was more sensitive than isolation of virus from eyewashings and allowed the site and distribution of infected cells to be seen.

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