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January 1987

Relationship Between Refractive Error and Visual Acuity in the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) Study

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Statistics and Biometry (Ms Santos and Mr Lynn) and Ophthalmology (Dr Waring), Emory University, Atlanta; Herman Eye Center, Houston (Dr Holladay); and National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Md (Dr Sperduto).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1987;105(1):86-92. doi:10.1001/archopht.1987.01060010092038

• As part of the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) study, we examined the relationship between postoperative refractive error and visual acuity without correction. We included 394 eyes (one eye per patient) with refractive errors ranging from −3.00 to +3.00 diopters one year after radial keratotomy. Within each 1-D range of the spherical equivalent of the refractive error, the visual acuity spanned five to ten Snellen lines. For visual acuities of 20/16 to 20/ 50, the refractive error spanned 3 to 5 D. Additionally, operated eyes had a better average uncorrected visual acuity than unoperated eyes with a similar refractive error. Within the narrow range of refraction between −2.00 and −2.50 D, the mean uncorrected visual acuity was 20/ 125 for 56 unoperated eyes and 20/63 for 29 operated eyes, a difference of three Snellen lines.

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