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March 1987

Semiconductor Laser Endophotocoagulation of the Retina

Author Affiliations

From the Laser Research Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School (Drs Puliafito and To) and the Wellman Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital (Drs Puliafito and Deutsch and Mr Boll), Boston.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1987;105(3):424-427. doi:10.1001/archopht.1987.01060030144046

• Laser endophotocoagulation is an important technique in vitreoretinal surgery. We performed successful retinal endophotocoagulation in the eyes of Dutch-belted rabbits, using high-power phased-array semiconductor lasers, emitting at 808 and 817 nm. The laser itself measured 25 × 30 × 21 mm, was air cooled, and was portable. At a treatment power of 100 mW, uniformly white photocoagulation lesions were seen at exposure durations of 0.2 to 1.0 s. Lesions were similar in appearance to argon laser photocoagulation lesions, as determined by ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography. Thin-section histologic examination of acute lesions revealed injury localized to the outer retina; chorioretinal scar formation was noted ten days after photocoagulation. To our knowledge, this study is the first in which therapeutically useful lesions were produced using a diode laser and demonstrates the feasibility of using these highly efficient and compact laser sources for ophthalmic photocoagulation.