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October 1987

Astigmatism Associated With Adnexal Masses in Infancy

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, Albany (NY) Medical College (Drs Bogan, Simon, and Krohel); and the Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia (Dr Nelson).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1987;105(10):1368-1370. doi:10.1001/archopht.1987.01060100070029

• High degrees of astigmatism are common in infants with hemangiomas but have not been well documented with other adnexal masses. We reviewed records of 65 patients (69 eyes) with chalazions, epibulbar or orbital dermoids, hemangiomas, and dacryoceles. Astigmatism greater than +1.25 diopters (as high as +5.50 diopters) was most commonly associated with dacryoceles (eight of 12 eyes) and with hemangiomas (14 of 17 eyes). Plus cylinder axes were consistently oriented toward the lesion, and astigmatism tended to resolve with resolution of the lesions. Only one of the 17 eyes with dermoids and two of the 23 eyes with chalazions had astigmatism. Anisometropic amblyopia has been a prominent concern in the treatment of infants with hemangiomas. Patients with dacryoceles may be at similar risk. Repeated cycloplegic refractions are important in determining appropriate treatment of adnexal masses.