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May 1988

Suppression of Experimental Tractional Retinal Detachment by Low-Dose Radiation Therapy

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs Meredith, Flicker, and Stevens, and Mss Anderson and Hartmann) and Radiology (Drs Olkowski and Crocker), Emory University, Atlanta.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(5):673-675. doi:10.1001/archopht.1988.01060130735034

• We used a standardized model of traction retinal detachment (TRD) created by cellular membranes in the rabbit to test the effects of low-dose radiation therapy in suppressing TRD. The vitreous and lens were removed from pigmented rabbits, and homologous conjunctival fibroblasts were grown in cell culture. After resolution of postoperative inflammation, 50 000 fibroblasts in 0.1 mL of culture fluid were injected into the vitreous cavity. Ten eyes were maintained as controls. Nineteen eyes received 6 Gy (600 rad) of x-ray irradiation one to three hours after cellular injection. Eyes were monitored weekly for three weeks with indirect ophthalmoscopy. Seven (70%) of ten control eyes developed TRD at one week; no additional TRDs were noted at weeks 2 and 3. Significantly smaller numbers of irradiated eyes developed TRD: at week 1, two (11%) of 19; at week 2, five (28%) of 18; and at week 3, five (29%) of 17.

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