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June 1988

Surgical Management of Premacular Fibroplasia

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(6):761-764. doi:10.1001/archopht.1988.01060130831033

• The results of pars plana vitrectomy and membrane peeling for premacular fibroplasia (PMF) were reviewed retrospectively for 88 eyes of 86 patients. Premacular fibroplasia was idiopathic in 61 eyes (69%) and postdetachment in 27 eyes (31%). All patients had a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Visual symptoms of blurring and metamorphopsia were reduced in 75 (85%) study eyes at the end of the follow-up period. Poor visual outcome was significantly related to preoperative cystoid macular edema and pro onged duration of visual blurring. Posterior retinal breaks occurred in three eyes (5%) with idiopathic PMF and five eyes (19%) with postdetachment PMF. Cataract progression was demonstrated in 35 eyes (48%) at 12 months of follow-up and 49 eyes (68%) at 24 months of follow-up, reflecting an incidence of cataract formation that has not been previously reported (to our knowledge) after limited vitrectomy and membrane peeling for PMF.

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