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June 1988

Epidemiological Study of Eye Injuries in Brazilian Children

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs Moreira and Belfort) and Preventive Medicine (Dr Debert-Ribeiro), Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(6):781-784. doi:10.1001/archopht.1988.01060130851038

• A year-long follow-up study of 146 eye injuries in children up to 15 years of age was carried out in two emergency hospitals of a southern Brazilian city. These injuries represent approximately 65% of the total number of patients seeking ophthalmic care at emergency hospitals within this city. Patients were followed up for at least four months after injury; visual results as well as epidemiological factors were analyzed. Based on these findings, children in the 0- to 5-year-old group were at greatest risk, regardless of sex; among children older than 5 years, eye injuries were more frequent in boys. Generally, the child takes part in the accident as an active participant, and adequate adult supervision decreases the number of these accidents. Analysis of the relationship between socioeconomic levels of the parents and severity of eye injuries revealed that severe eye injuries were more frequent in lower socioeconomic strata. In severe eye injuries 35.1% of the children ended with visual acuity under 20/200 in the affected eye, which corresponds to 9% of all studied eye injuries.

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