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October 1989

A New Test for Endothelial Viability: The Janus Green Photometry Technique

Author Affiliations

From the Cologne (West Germany) University Eye Clinic.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1989;107(10):1511-1515. doi:10.1001/archopht.1989.01070020585045

• A new in vitro technique was developed to measure, by simple photometry, the amount of Janus green extracted with absolute alcohol from isolated corneas after vital staining. The amount of stain corresponded to the percentage of damaged endothelial cells and was a reliable parameter of endothelial viability. More rapid and easier to perform than the usual cell counting of devitalized cells, this technique can be used to study the endothelial damage induced, for example, by experimental surgery, intraocular solutions, intraocular lens material, cornea storage solutions. As an example of application, results of the endothelial status after medium-term preservation of pig corneas (n = 40) in a modified McCarey-Kaufman medium at 4°C were determined. The mean ± endothelial damage was 8.5% ± 1.8% (mean ± SD) after 4 days, 29.5% ± 3.7% after 7 days, 45.5% ± 5.5% after 10 days, 69.3% ± 3.7% after 14 days, and 100% after 20 days of storage in McCarey-Kaufman medium.

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