To the Editor.
—There is a need in medical education for a simulator on which students and residents can practice the basic skills of ophthalmoscopy. Considerable time would be saved and patient discomfort and inconvenience reduced if the basic skills of ophthalmoscopy could be learned using a practical, inexpensive model system.Although model eyes do exist, they contain significant limitations. For example, some models depend on handpainted reproductions of pathologic findings as rendered on the posterior internal surface of the model.1 There is no flexibility to examine various fundus disorders without purchasing several models. One model uses slide transparencies of the viewing object, resulting in decreased resolution of fundus detail secondary to the inherent "graininess" of such transparencies.2 Finally, other models are too complex or expensive, such as one eye model that contains a photosensitive pupil that dilates in response to mydriatic eye drops.3We have developed
Kahlenborn C, Sassani JW, Sherrard M, Frankel CA. A Mannequin for Teaching Ocular Fundus Examination Skills. Arch Ophthalmol. 1989;107(12):1725–1726. doi:10.1001/archopht.1989.01070020807010
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