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December 1989

Variability of Depth Measurements of the Optic Nerve Head and Peripapillary Retina With Computerized Image Analysis

Author Affiliations

From the Glaucoma Service, The Wilmer Ophthalmological Institute, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1989;107(12):1786-1792. doi:10.1001/archopht.1989.01070020868029

• Computerized topographic mapping of 10 repeated fundus images of one eye each in 10 healthy subjects and in 10 subjects with elevated intraocular pressures (IOPs) was performed with the Humphrey Retinal Analyzer. The variability of depth measurements at 400 to 650 individual locations in the optic nerve head and peripapillary retina was evaluated. The average size of the 95% confidence intervals for individual depth measurements for healthy subjects and those with elevated IOPs were 166 and 232 μm in the optic nerve head and 205 and 261 μm in the peripapillary retina, respectively. Variability was significantly less for healthy subjects than for those with elevated IOPs. Variability was significantly greater for depth measurements in the peripapillary retina than for measurements in the optic head. Knowledge about variability of individual depth measurements is useful for proper interpretation of computerized topographic mapping to detect retinal nerve fiber damage.

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