• A nationwide prospective collaborative study on ocular trauma was performed in Israel during a period of 3 years (1981 through 1983). Almost half of the traumas (1127 [47%] of 2416 eyes) were sustained by children younger than age 17 years, and mainly between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Most of the injuries happened at home (38.1%) or in the street (26.8%) and during play and sport (65.1%). The male-to-female ratio among the children was 4:1. Blunt injuries accounted for 59.2%; 30.5% were perforating injuries and the rest were chemical and radiation injuries. The visual acuity at the time of hospital discharge was better than 6/30 in the majority of the eyes but 122 patients (11%) had a visual acuity of less than 6/60, and no light perception was the result in 40 eyes (3%). The reasons for the severe outcome were as follows: 23 eyes (2%) owing to phthisis, 22 eyes (1.9%) were enucleated, and 16 eyes (1.4%) suffered from endophthalmitis.
Rapoport I, Romem M, Kinek M, et al. Eye Injuries in Children in Israel: A Nationwide Collaborative Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 1990;108(3):376–379. doi:10.1001/archopht.1990.01070050074034
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