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September 1990

Efficacy of Prism Adaptation in the Surgical Management of Acquired Esotropia

Arch Ophthalmol. 1990;108(9):1248-1256. doi:10.1001/archopht.1990.01070110064026

• Prism adaptation, the preoperative use of prisms in acquired esotropia to determine the maximum angle of strabismus and to estimate fusional potential, has been suggested as a method of improving the results of initial surgery and minimizing the rate of reoperation. We performed a prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial of the effectiveness of prism adaptation. Two levels of randomization were used. Sixty percent of the patients underwent prism adaptation and 40% did not. Of those who responded to prisms with motor stability and sensory fusion, half underwent a conventional amount of surgery and half underwent augmented surgery based on the prism-adapted angle of deviation. Success rates were highest (54 [89%] of 61 patients) in prism adaptation responders who underwent augmented surgery and lowest (92 [72%] of 127 patients) in patients who did not undergo prism adaptation. Prism responders had better results with augmented surgery than with conventional surgery (54 [89%] of 61 patients vs 53 [79%] of 67 patients, P =.23). Our results indicated a significant beneficial overall effect of prism adaptation in patients with acquired esotropia (success rates, 83% vs 72%, P =.04). Although the process requires some additional time and effort, it appears to result in a higher rate of satisfactory alignment.

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