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September 1990

Management of Traumatic Hemorrhagic Retinal Detachment With Pars Plana Vitrectomy

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, The Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1990;108(9):1281-1286. doi:10.1001/archopht.1990.01070110097032

• Traumatic hemorrhagic retinal detachment may prevent successful visual rehabilitation of eyes with severe posterior segment injury. We managed 19 consecutive cases of traumatic hemorrhagic retinal detachment with pars plana vitrectomy, scleral buckling, and fluid-gas exchange, with or without internal drainage of subretinal hemorrhage. We based our approach on the amount of subretinal hemorrhage present and the location of associated retinal breaks. Internal drainage of subretinal hemorrhage was performed in 16 eyes to allow adequate retinopexy to hemorrhagically elevated retinal breaks (9 eyes), to remove massive subretinal hemorrhage (4 eyes), and to allow intraoperative reattachment when the retina exhibited bullous retinal detachment (3 eyes). Overall, with a minimum of 6 months of follow-up, anatomic reattachment was achieved in 13 (68%) of 19 eyes, and functional success (visual acuity 5/200 or better) was achieved in 6 (32%) of 19 eyes. Anatomic failure resulted from proliferative vitreoretinopathy (4 eyes) and globe atrophy (2 eyes). Drainage of subretinal blood appeared to be beneficial for hemorrhagically elevated retinal tears to allow adequate retinopexy and may help to accomplish long-term anatomic attachment in eyes with massive subretinal hemorrhage or bullous retinal detachment.