• We describe herein a two-stage technique of intraoperative fluid-gas exchange following pars plana vitrectomy. The first stage is a complete fluid-air exchange using an air pump and intraocular linear suction. The air pump then maintains the intraocular pressure at the desired level during adjunctive procedures, such as laser endophotocoagulation. The second stage is an air-gas mixture exchange in which the desired gas, premixed in air to the desired final intraocular concentration, is manually flushed through the eye. This technique allows the attainment of an accurate concentration of intraocular gas if the air-gas mixture exchange is complete. In vitro and in vivo experiments in aphakic human eyes demonstrated that an effectively complete air-gas mixture exchange occurs with a 25-mL flush volume. This result compares favorably with the theoretical prediction derived from a "pharmacolinetic approximation" equation.
David F. Williams, Mark A. Peters, Gary W. Abrams, Dennis P. Han, William F. Mieler. A Two-Stage Technique for Intraoperative Fluid-Gas Exchange Following Pars Plana Vitrectomy. Arch Ophthalmol. 1990;108(10):1484–1486. doi:10.1001/archopht.1990.01070120132043