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April 1991

Late-Onset Elevation in Intraocular Pressure After Neodymium-YAG Laser Posterior Capsulotomy

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(4):511-513. doi:10.1001/archopht.1991.01080040079031

• We retrospectively studied the long-term change in intraocular pressure after neodymium-YAG laser posterior capsulotomy. Uncomplicated extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was performed in 446 consecutive normal eyes (401 patients), 237 (53%) of which subsequently underwent uncomplicated neodymium-YAG laser posterior capsulotomy. Late-onset elevation in intraocular pressure was seen in three eyes (1.4%) after cataract surgery alone (mean follow-up, 2.7±1.7 years) and in 14 eyes (5.9%) after cataract and laser surgeries (mean follow-up, 3.0±1.1 years). This difference was statistically significant (P<.03). These results suggest that, in addition to immediate changes in intraocular pressure, neodymium-YAG laser posterior capsulotomy may be associated with an increase in intraocular pressure long after the laser surgery, even in normal eyes without obvious postoperative complications.

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