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October 1991

Development of Vision in Retinopathy of Prematurity

Author Affiliations

From the Clinical Research Unit, Eye Research Institute (Drs Katsumi, Mehta, Matsui, Tetsuka, and Hirose), Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School (Drs Katsumi, Mehta, and Hirose), and Retina Associates (Dr Hirose), Boston, Mass; Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo (Japan) Women's Medical College, Daini Hospital (Drs Katsumi and Tetsuka); and Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan) University (Dr Matsui).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(10):1394-1398. doi:10.1001/archopht.1991.01080100074045

• Serial measures (range, two to eight) of preferential-looking grating acuities of 52 infants with retinopathy of prematurity were made. Group 1 patients (n = 11), who had little or no macular displacement, had normal preferential-looking acuity except for two who had mild acuity deficits. None of the group 2 patients (n = 12), who had dragged maculas, ever had normal acuity. On the average, their acuities, which ranged from 1 to 6 octaves less than normal, gradually increased at a rate not significantly different from normal. Group 3 patients (n = 29), who had undergone open-sky vitrectomy, had significantly lower acuity despite reattachment of the retina.

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