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May 1993

Transbronchial Lung Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Suspected Ocular Sarcoidosis

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Ophthalmology (Drs Ohara, Okubo, Kamata, and Sasaki) and Pulmonary Medicine (Drs Kobayashi and Kitamura), Jichi Medical School, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, Tochigi-ken, Japan.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1993;111(5):642-644. doi:10.1001/archopht.1993.01090050076033

• We conducted clinical research using transbronchial lung biopsy in 60 patients with suspected ocular sarcoidosis who showed no bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy and sparse contributory evidence for sarcoidosis. The patients had a combination of granulomatous iritis with mutton-fat keratic precipitates or iris nodules, trabecular nodules, tentlike peripheral anterior synechiae, snowball or string-of-pearls vitreous opacities, retinal perivasculitis, and spotty retinochoroidal exudates. The transbronchial lung biopsy specimen showed noncaseating epithelioid granuloma in 37 patients (61.7%); these patients were diagnosed as having sarcoidosis. Bronchoalveolar lavage showed a high percentage of patients with an increased lymphocyte fraction among those with positive transbronchial lung biopsy results. The present results may serve as a basis for a clinical diagnosis of sarcoidosis in patients with suspected sarcoidosis without apparent extraocular manifestations.

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