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February 1994

The Impact of Overnight Wear on the Risk of Contact Lens—Associated Ulcerative Keratitis

Author Affiliations

From the Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, The Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md (Drs Schein and Katz); the Oregon Health Sciences Center, Portland (Dr Buehler); and Michigan State University, Grand Rapids (Drs Stamler and Verdier).; None of the authors has any proprietary interest in the materials mentioned in this article.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1994;112(2):186-190. doi:10.1001/archopht.1994.01090140062024

Objective:  To assess the relative risk of contact lens—associated ulcerative keratitis by lens type and related lenswearing behavior.

Design:  Case-control study.

Setting/Participants:  Forty practice-based case patients with contact lens—associated ulcerative keratitis and 180 control patients matched to the case patients' dispensing practitioner and date of contact lens prescription.

Results:  Compared with users of daily-wear soft lenses, users of disposable soft contact lenses had a 13.33-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.35 to 33.20) excess risk of ulcerative keratitis. However, after adjusting for overnight wear, the excess risk associated with disposable contact lenses is reduced to 3.21 (95% CI, 1.22 to 14.36). Overall, overnight wear of contact lenses conferred an 8.25-fold excess risk (95% CI, 3.33 to 25.58) of ulcerative keratitis after controlling for lens type. No protective effect of standard compared with substandard lens hygiene was found. The risk of ulcerative keratitis attributable to overnight wear was estimated at 49% for users of daily-wear lenses and 74% for users of lenses approved for overnight wear.

Conclusion:  Overnight wear of contact lenses is the overwhelming risk factor for ulcerative keratitis among contact lens users. We estimate that 49% to 74% of cases of contact lens—associated ulcerative keratitis could be prevented by eliminating overnight wear.

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