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August 1994

Observation of Idiopathic Full-thickness Macular HolesFollow-up Observation

Arch Ophthalmol. 1994;112(8):1051-1056. doi:10.1001/archopht.1994.01090200057022

Objectives:  To evaluate the long-term follow-up observation of idiopathic full-thickness macular holes, with emphasis on the incidence and process of disappearance.

Methods:  The authors followed up 97 eyes with idiopathic full-thickness macular holes for a period ranging from 2 to 182 months (average, 66 months).

Results:  Apparent disappearance of the hole was observed in six eyes. Although improvement in visual acuity of at least 2 lines resulted in all six eyes, visual acuity improved to 20/30 or better in those eyes in which macular holes disappeared within 24 months of the initial examination.

Conclusion:  The incidence of apparent disappearance of idiopathic full-thickness macular holes was low. Improvement in visual acuity was greater in those cases in which macular holes disappeared in a relatively short period of time.