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July 1996

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and the Eye—1996

Arch Ophthalmol. 1996;114(7):863-866. doi:10.1001/archopht.1996.01100140077013

Sinceits original description in 1981, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become a major public health problem. As of January 1,1996, more than 500 000 cases of AIDS had been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga; almost 66 000 new cases of AIDS were reported in 1995.1,2 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which is characterized by opportunistic infections or unusual neoplasms, is a late stage of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); approximately 1 million people in the United States are infected with HIV.3 Approximately 62% of all patients with AIDS have died.2 Human immunodeficiency virus infection is the leading cause of death among men aged 25 to 44 years and the third leading cause of death among women aged 25 to 44 years.4

Ocular findings are common in patients with AIDS and are detected in more than half the patients with AIDS

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