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July 2018, Vol 136, No. 7, Pages 717-840

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):717. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3733
Original Investigation

Association Between Vessel Density and Visual Acuity in Patients With Diabetic Retinopathy and Poorly Controlled Type 1 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):721-728. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1319

This cohort study uses optical coherence tomography angiography to assess the association between visual acuity and mean vessel density in French patients with type 1 diabetes who have diabetic retinopathy and normal or decreased visual acuity.

Effect of a Local Vision Care Center on Eyeglasses Use and School Performance in Rural ChinaA Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):731-737. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1329

This cluster randomized clinical trial examines the effect of school-based vision screening and free eyeglasses on eyeglasses ownership, eyeglasses use, and academic performance in rural Chinese schoolchildren.

Characteristics Associated With Receiving Cataract Surgery in the US Medicare and Veterans Health Administration Populations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):738-745. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1361

This study population-based cohort identifies patient characteristics associated with receiving cataract surgery within the US Medicare and Veterans Health Administration populations.

Treatment of Nonmetastatic Unilateral Retinoblastoma in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):747-752. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1501

This single-arm multicenter study evaluates the implementation of a treatment strategy to improve survival among Latin American children with unilateral retinoblastoma based on standardized diagnostic and treatment criteria.

Vitreous Bands Identified by Handheld Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Among Premature Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):753-758. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1509

This cohort study uses handheld spectral-domain optical coherence tomography to explore the association between vitreous bands in infants with retinopathy of prematurity and the presence of other vitreoretinal findings.

Olfactory Dysfunction in Patients With CNGB1-Associated Retinitis Pigmentosa

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):761-769. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1621

This case series reports olfactory function and the retinal phenotype in patients with biallelic mutations in CNGB1, a gene coding for a signal transduction channel subunit expressed in rod photoreceptors and olfactory sensory neurons.

Association of Anticholinergic Drug Use With Risk for Late Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):770-778. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1719

This case-control study investigates the association between exposure to anticholinergic drugs and late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) among adults with AMD compared with those without ophthalmic disease.

Association Between 24-Hour Intraocular Pressure Monitored With Contact Lens Sensor and Visual Field Progression in Older Adults With Glaucoma

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):779-785. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1746

This cohort study examines the use of 24-hour monitoring of intraocular pressure with a contact lens sensor in assessing risk for change in the visual field of older adult patients with glaucoma.

Efficacy and Safety of Intravitreal Aflibercept for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy in the PLANET StudyA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):786-793. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1804

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the use of intravitreal aflibercept injection with and without added photodynamic therapy for patients with polypoidal choridal vasculopathy.

Association Between a Centrally Reimbursed Fee Schedule Policy and Access to Cataract Surgery in the Universal Coverage Scheme in Thailand

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):796-802. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1843

This time series analysis examines the association between the central reimbursement policy of a universal health coverage scheme and access to cataract surgery in Thailand.

Automated Diagnosis of Plus Disease in Retinopathy of Prematurity Using Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):803-810. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1934

This technology evaluation study examines the validity of an algorithm based on deep learning for automated diagnosis of plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity from retinal photographs.

Use of a Binocular Optical Coherence Tomography System to Evaluate Strabismus in Primary Position

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):811-817. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1973

This study explores optical coherence tomography–derived quantification and assessment of strabismus angles using a novel prototype binocular optical coherence tomography system.

Brief Report

Outcomes of Anti–Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Treatment for Choroidal Neovascularization in Fellow Eyes of Previously Treated Patients With Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):820-823. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1534

This single-center case series compares the visual outcomes of eyes with established, active neovascular age-related macular degeneration in index eyes with outcomes of fellow eyes that subsequently developed choroidal neovascularization during the management protocol.

Invited Commentary

Clinical Use of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Diabetic Retinopathy TreatmentReady for Showtime?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):729-730. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1538

Getting Back to Basics in a World of Data OverloadCharacteristics Associated With Receipt of Cataract Surgery in 2 US Data Sets

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):745-746. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1479

Why Do We Still Rely on Ophthalmoscopy to Diagnose Retinopathy of Prematurity?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):759-760. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1539

Comparing Aflibercept Monotherapy With Aflibercept Plus Rescue Photodynamic Therapy in Polypoidal Choroidal VasculopathyPLANET or Asteroid?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):794-795. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1799

Developing Binocular Optical Coherence Tomography for StrabismusNot a Simple Task

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):818-819. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1978
JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

A 12-Month-Old Boy With Bilateral Facial Swelling and Proptosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):823-824. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5804

A 12-month-old healthy boy was seen at the outpatient ophthalmology clinic with gradually worsening bilateral temporal facial swelling and proptosis that developed in the setting of a recent bilateral ear infection 10 days prior. What would you do next?

Late Complications of Single-Piece Intraocular Lens Implantation in the Ciliary Sulcus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):825-826. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6050

A man in his mid-50s who had sustained blunt trauma to his right eye 17 years ago that required insertion of an intraocular lens presents with a 7-month history of decreased vision, pain, and elevated intraocular pressure in his right eye. What would you do next?

Blurry Vision and Eye Pain After Pterygium Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):827-828. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6054

A woman in her early 70s with hypertension was transferred from an outside hospital with worsening blurry vision, pain, and swelling of the right eye of 10 days’ duration. What would you do next?

Spontaneous Hyphema in a Middle-aged Woman

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):829-830. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6058

A woman in her late 50s has leakage at the iris pupillary margin at a follow-up appointment after successfully treated spontaneous hyphema. What would you do next?

Young Man With Severe Bilateral Papilledema

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):831-832. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6652

A man in his mid-20s with severe bilateral papilledema secondary to increased intracranial pressure presented to the emergency department with a 6-week history of increasingly blurred vision. What would you do next?

Chronic Follicular Conjunctivitis in a Middle-aged Woman

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):833-834. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6189

A middle-aged white woman presents to the ophthalmology clinic with several months of persistent redness, tearing, and foreign-body sensation in both eyes despite medication treatment. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Association of Gout With Uveitis in Older Individuals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):835-837. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1758

This cohort study uses Medicare claims data to assess the association of gout with risk of a new diagnosis of uveitis in older individuals.

Observation

Association of Uveitis and Macular Edema With Anastrozole Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):837-839. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1700

This case report describes uveitis and macular edema in a patient with invasive breast cancer who received aromatase inhibitor therapy with anastrozole.

Comment & Response

Cataract Surgery and Motor Vehicle Fatality Prevention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):839. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1602

Cataract Surgery and Motor Vehicle Fatality Prevention—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):839-840. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1605
Correction

Error in Figure 2

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):840. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.2864
Ophthalmic Images

Amelanotic and Pigmented Uveal Melanoma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):e181114. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1114

This case report describes a 48-year-old white woman with bilobed, elevated lesion nasal to the optic disc.

Reversible Peripapillary Vascular Loop Change

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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):e181386. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1386

This case report describes a 48-year-old man with a vascular loop on the periphery of the optic nerve that disappeared 1 year later.

Active IgGκ Multiple Myeloma Presenting With Crystalline Keratopathy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):e181505. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1505

This case report describes a man in his 70s with asymptomatic, active multiple myeloma who presented with progressive blurring, haloes, glare, and crystalline keratopathy in his right eye.

Retinal Oxalosis in End-stage Renal Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):e181523. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.1523

This report describes retinal oxalosis that occurs after vitamin C supplementation in a patient with end-stage renal disease.

JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(7):719. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3734
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