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February 2018, Vol 136, No. 2, Pages 107-223

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):107. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3708
Original Investigation

Distinguishing Uveitis Secondary to Sarcoidosis From Idiopathic DiseaseCardiac Implications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):109-115. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5466

This case series explores the potential importance of distinguishing sarcoidosis-associated uveitis from idiopathic uveitis.

Association of Sex With the Global Burden of Cataract

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):116-121. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5668

This comparative burden-of-disease study investigates the association of sex with the global burden of cataract by year, age, and socioeconomic status in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

Association of Novel Oral Antithrombotics With the Risk of Intraocular Bleeding

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):122-130. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5677

This cohort study uses a large national insurance claims database to determine the risk of developing intraocular hemorrhages with novel oral antithrombotic therapy compared with traditional antithrombotic agents.

A Nationwide Cohort Study on the Association Between Past Physical Activity and Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration in an East Asian Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):132-139. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5682

This population-based study examines the association between physical activity and the development of neovascular age-related macular degeneration in middle-aged and older individuals.

Association of Dietary Fatty Acid Intake With Glaucoma in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):141-147. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5702

This cross-sectional population study uses the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2008 data to explore the association between daily dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid consumption, including ω-3 fatty acids, and the prevalence of glaucoma in the US population.

Cataract Surgery Outcomes in Eyes With Primary Epiretinal Membrane

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):148-154. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5849

This study analyzed the visual impact of cystoid macular edema risk with cataract surgery in eyes with primary epiretinal membrane.

Comparison of Quality and Output of Different Optimal Perimetric Testing Approaches in Children With Glaucoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):155-161. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5898

This cross-sectional study compares different static and combined static/kinetic perimetry approaches in children with glaucoma.

Adoption of Electronic Health Records and Perceptions of Financial and Clinical Outcomes Among Ophthalmologists in the United States

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):164-170. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5978

This ppulation-based survey assesses adoption rate and perceptions of financial and clinical outcomes of electronic health records among ophthalmologists in the United States.

Effectiveness of a Binocular Video Game vs Placebo Video Game for Improving Visual Functions in Older Children, Teenagers, and Adults With AmblyopiaA Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):172-181. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6090

This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of a binocular video game with a placebo video game for improving visual functions in older children and adults.

Association of Functional Loss With the Biomechanical Response of the Optic Nerve Head to Acute Transient Intraocular Pressure Elevations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):184-192. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6111

This study examines whether functional loss is associated with the biomechanical response of the optic nerve head to acute transient intraocular pressure elevations.

Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis of the Optic Nerve Head and Surrounding Structures in Long-Duration International Space Station Astronauts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):193-200. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6226

This study develops methods to quantify optic nerve head and surrounding tissue changes using preflight and postflight optical coherence tomography scans of the optic nerve head region in astronauts and control subjects.

Disorganization of Inner Retina and Outer Retinal Morphology in Diabetic Macular Edema

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):202-208. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6256

This cross-sectional observational case series examines possible association of disorganization of the inner retinal layers with morphological changes in the outer retina and severity of diabetic retinopathy in eyes with diabetic macular edema.

Invited Commentary

Novel Antithrombotic Drugs and Intraocular BleedingThe Importance of Observational Data and Future Perspectives

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):130-131. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4179

Analysis of the Association Between Physical Activity and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):139-140. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4782

Visual Field Assessment in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):162-163. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5935

Electronic Health Records Are Here to Stay

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):170-171. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5918

Lessons From Recent Randomized Clinical Trials of Binocular Treatment for Amblyopia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):181-183. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5938

Optical Coherence Tomographic Analysis of the Optic Nerve Head and Surrounding Structures in Space Flight–Associated Neuro-ocular Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):200-201. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5496
JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

A 70-Year-Old Man With Pain and a Creamy Elevated Lesion After Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):209-210. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3067

A 70-year-old-man with a history of bilateral ocular trauma from a remote gunpowder explosion presents with persistently elevated intraocular pressure and develops a creamy elevated lesion. What would you do next?

New-Onset Floaters as Presenting Symptom

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):211-212. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3504

A woman in her 50s with a history of type 2 diabetes and mild bilateral nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy reports new-onset floaters in both eyes but no blurred vision, eye pain, or photopsia. She has recently recovered from seropositive West Nile virus encephalitis. What would you do next?

Pediatric Patient With T-Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma and Acute Vision Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):213-214. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4003

A 16-year-old girl with a history of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma and stem cell transplant presented with blurry vision in the left eye. Dilated fundus examination revealed optic nerve head edema and peripapillary hemorrhages bilaterally, greater in the left eye than in the right eye. What would you do next?

A Peripapillary Defect in a Woman With Myopia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):215-216. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.4338

A woman in her 60s with no ocular complaints underwent evaluation of an unusual optical coherence tomography finding. Her ocular history include myopia, controllred normal tension glaucoma, and mild cataracts. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Solving the Hydroxychloroquine Dosing Dilemma With a Smartphone App

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):218-219. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6076

This report describes use of a smartphone app for calculation of the appropriate hydroxychloroquine dose.

Observation

Clinicopathologic Features of Tuberculous Serpiginous-like Choroiditis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):219-221. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5791

This case report describes a man in his 20s with serpiginous-like choroiditis who had a paradoxical reaction associated with anti-tuberculosis treatment

Comment & Response

Role of Maternal Race on Algorithms Predicting Retinopathy of Prematurity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):221. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5689

Role of Maternal Race on Algorithms Predicting Retinopathy of Prematurity—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):221-222. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.5692

Trends in Visual Health Inequalities in Childhood Through Associations of Visual Function With Sex and Social Position Across 3 UK Birth Cohorts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):222-223. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6194

Trends in Visual Health Inequalities in Childhood Through Associations of Visual Function With Sex and Social Position Across 3 UK Birth Cohorts—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):223. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6197
Ophthalmic Images

Filarialike Parasite Under the Internal Limiting Membrane

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):e176179. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6179

This case report describes a woman in her early 30s with an epiretinal filarialike worm under the internal limiting membrane.

JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(2):108. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.3709
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