Outcomes From a Modified Microkeratome-Assisted Lamellar Keratoplasty for Keratoconus | Cornea | JAMA Ophthalmology | JAMA Network
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Surgical Technique
Surgeon's Corner
June 2012

Outcomes From a Modified Microkeratome-Assisted Lamellar Keratoplasty for Keratoconus

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Department of Ophthalmology, Magna Graecia University, Catanzaro, Italy (Drs Busin and Scorcia); Department of Ophthalmology, Villa Igea Hospital, Forlì, Italy (Drs Busin and Zambianchi); and Fondazione Banca degli Occhi del Veneto, Venezia, Italy (Dr Ponzin).

Arch Ophthalmol. 2012;130(6):776-782. doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.1546
Abstract

To improve visual and refractive outcomes, microkeratome-assisted lamellar keratoplasty for the treatment of keratoconus (exchange of a 9.0-mm anterior recipient lamella with a 9.0-mm donor lamella, using a 200-μm head for the former and a 300-μm head for the latter) was modified by adding a 6.5-mm incomplete full-thickness incision in the recipient bed before suturing the donor graft in place. After complete suture removal, 1 year postoperatively, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity was 20/40 or better in 92 of 97 eyes and 20/25 or better in 67 of 97 eyes; regular astigmatism was 4.5 diopters or worse in 86 of 97 eyes; endothelial cell loss averaged 20.4%. The disruption of the recipient's architecture induced by the full-thickness circular incision makes the final corneal shape closely resemble the physiologic curvature of the donor cornea, thus optimizing postoperative refractive error and spectacle-corrected visual acuity.

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