Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Lou L, Hu K, Jin K, Zhang S, Ye J. The Relationship Between Hepatic Lipase Gene Variant and Advanced Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Meta-analysis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132(10):1226–1231. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.1752
To date, no consistency exists across studies that have evaluated the relationship between hepatic lipase gene (LIPC) rs10468017 variant and advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
To summarize all relevant evidence for a relationship between LIPC variant and advanced AMD.
The PubMed and Embase databases were searched for studies potentially eligible in any language published up to September 15, 2013.
Case-control studies of 2 or more comparison groups that included patients with advanced AMD (choroidal neovascularization or geographic atrophy).
Data Extraction and Synthesis
Allele frequencies and genotype distributions of rs10468017 variant.
Main Outcomes and Measures
Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs were estimated under different genetic models using meta-analytic methods. A stratified analysis by advanced AMD subtypes and race/ethnicity was performed, as well as a sensitivity analysis.
Data from 10 case-control studies were included in the meta-analysis. The rs10468017 variant (C→T) showed significant summary ORs of 0.81 (95% CI, 0.75-0.88), 0.83 (95% CI, 0.70-0.98), and 0.60 (95% CI, 0.44-0.81) under the allelic (T vs C), heterozygous (TC vs CC), and homozygous (TT vs CC) models, respectively. Carrying at least 1 copy of the T allele decreased the risk of choroidal neovascularization and geographic atrophy by 20% (OR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.74-0.87) and 29% (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.59-0.86), respectively. The pooled OR for white race/ethnicity under an allelic model was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.74-0.87). The sensitivity analysis indicated the robustness of our findings, and no evidence of publication bias was observed in our meta-analysis.
Conclusions and Relevance
Our meta-analysis indicates that LIPC rs10468017 variant is associated with a reduced risk of advanced AMD. This finding may lead to insights regarding the pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment of AMD.
Create a personal account or sign in to: