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Brief Report
September 2015

Variable Results for Uveal Melanoma–Specific Gene Expression Profile Prognostic Test in Choroidal Metastasis

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015;133(9):1073-1076. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.1790
Abstract

Importance  We report our experience with uveal melanoma–specific gene expression profile (GEP) testing on a series of choroidal metastatic tumors confirmed by cytopathology so that clinicians may be aware that receiving a class 1 or class 2 test result in nonmelanoma is possible.

Observations  Retrospective review of all cytopathology and DecisionDx-UM GEP reports between January 2012 to December 2014 from intraoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy of choroidal tumors undergoing brachytherapy. Four patients were identified to have cytopathology consistent with a nonmelanoma primary. All 4 patients presented with a unilateral, single choroidal tumor, which was treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy and underwent intraoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy for cytopathology and uveal melanoma–specific GEP testing for molecular prognostication. Gene expression profile testing of the choroidal tumor in each patient revealed class 1A in 3 patients and class 2 in 1 patient.

Conclusions and Relevance  DecisionDx-UM GEP may be a helpful test for molecular prognostication in patients with uveal melanoma; however, class 1 and class 2 test results are indeed possible in the setting of a nonmelanoma malignancy. We recommend that cytopathology and/or other melanoma-specific testing be performed in all cases of suspected choroidal melanoma because GEP with this assay is unable to rule out the diagnosis of a choroidal melanoma.

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