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Clinical Sciences
July 2006

Failure of Prophylactic Retinopexy in Fellow Eyes Without a Posterior Vitreous Detachment

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, England (Drs Chauhan and Aylward); Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia (Mr Downie); Sussex Eye Hospital, Brighton, England (Dr Eckstein).

Arch Ophthalmol. 2006;124(7):968-971. doi:10.1001/archopht.124.7.968
Abstract

Objective  To describe adverse sequelae of retinal prophylaxis in fellow eyes of patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Design  Records were reviewed for 17 patients who had retinal breaks or detachment subsequent to prophylactic retinopexy applied to the fellow eye (without posterior vitreous detachment) at the time of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery. Subsequent treatment included cryotherapeutic and laser retinopexy, scleral buckling, and vitrectomy.

Results  Of the 17 patients, 12 were male (mean age, 49 years). Laser retinopexy alone was used in 6 cases. Sixteen (94%) developed retinal tears related to acute posterior vitreous detachment, of which 8 (47%) were at the edge of retinopexy and 8 (47%) were in the normal or untreated retina. Thirteen (76%) developed a retinal detachment, of which 11 (85%) did not involve the fovea. Median visual acuity following treatment was 0.18 logMAR (6/9 Snellen equivalent).

Conclusions  Prophylactic retinopexy in fellow eyes without posterior detachment is not completely successful and may cause breaks to develop at the edge of treated areas during subsequent acute posterior vitreous detachment. Patient education alone regarding the symptoms of retinal tear and detachment may be preferable to prophylactic retinopexy of the fellow eye in the absence of a posterior vitreous detachment.

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