Ophthalmological Features Associated With COL4A1 Mutations | Genetics and Genomics | JAMA Ophthalmology | JAMA Network
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Ophthalmic Molecular Genetics
April 2010

Ophthalmological Features Associated With COL4A1 Mutations

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Laboratoire de Génétique Humaine, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux (Drs Coupry and Goizet); Fédération des Neurosciences Cliniques (Drs Sibon, Rouanet, and Goizet), Service d’ophtalmologie (Dr Mortemousque), and Service de Génétique Médicale (Dr Goizet), Hôpital Pellegrin, Université Bordeaux 2, CHU Bordeaux, Bordeaux; AP-HP, Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire, hôpital Lariboisière, Paris (Dr Mine); INSERM UMR-S 740, Paris, France (Dr Mine).

 

JANEY L.WIGGSMD, PhD

Arch Ophthalmol. 2010;128(4):483-489. doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.42
Abstract

Objective  To investigate the wide variability of ocular manifestations associated with mutations in the COL4A1 gene that encodes collagen IVα1.

Methods  We clinically evaluated 7 patients from 2 unrelated families in whom ocular features segregated with COL4A1 mutations that were identified by direct sequencing.

Results  The G2159A transition (c.2159G>A) that leads to the missense mutation p.Gly720Asp was identified in family A. An ocular phenotype of variable severity was observed in all affected relatives. The missense mutation c.2263G>A, p.Gly755Arg was identified in family B. One patient from family B also displayed notable ocular features.

Conclusions  The COL4A1 mutations may be associated with various ophthalmologic developmental anomalies of anterior segment dysgenesis type, which are reminiscent of Axenfeld-Rieger anomalies (ARA). Cerebrovascular disorders should be added to the list of signs potentially associated with ARA.

Clinical Relevance  These data suggest that cerebral magnetic resonance imaging may be recommended in the clinical treatment of patients with apparently isolated ARA, even when neurological symptoms or signs are lacking.

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