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Clinical Sciences
May 9, 2011

Object Detection in the Ring Scotoma of a Monocular Bioptic Telescope

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Schepens Eye Research Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Arch Ophthalmol. 2011;129(5):611-617. doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.85

Objective  To evaluate the ability of the fellow eye to detect stimuli in the area corresponding to the ring scotoma (blind area) of a monocular bioptic telescope in simple conditions (conventional perimetry) and in more visually demanding conditions.

Methods  A computerized dichoptic perimeter enabled separate stimuli to be presented to each eye of 7 bioptic users and 7 nonusers. The bioptic ring scotoma was mapped by presenting the stimulus to the telescope eye only. Detection tests were then conducted under binocular viewing, with stimuli presented only to the fellow eye in a 2 × 2 × 2 design with or without telescope, on plain gray or patterned (spatial noise) background, and with passive (looking at cross) or active (reading letters) fixation task.

Results  No significant differences were noted in fellow-eye detection with (86%) and without (87%) a bioptic. The detection rate was significantly reduced on the patterned background and in the active fixation task.

Conclusions  To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate fellow-eye detection in the area of the ring scotoma with a monocular bioptic telescope under more realistic and visually demanding conditions than conventional perimetry. These results should ease the concern that the monocular ring scotoma might cause blindness to traffic outside the field of the telescope.