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January 2019 - January 1929

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Issue

February 2019, Vol 137, No. 2, Pages 125-233

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):125. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.4753
Viewpoint

Reducing Disparities in Pediatric Vision Care Utilization by Strategically Addressing Access

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):127-128. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5939

This article gives basic recommendations for improving access to and use of pediatric vision care.

Original Investigation

Association of Long-term Ambient Black Carbon Exposure and Oxidative Stress Allelic Variants With Intraocular Pressure in Older Men

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):129-137. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5313

This study examines follow-up visit data from the all-male Normative Aging Study to assess the association of environmental exposures with changes in intraocular pressure among older men.

Association of Macular Visual Field Measurements With Glaucoma Staging Systems

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):139-145. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5398

This cross-sectional study compares multiple methods of assessing the visual field to test the hypothesis that current glaucoma staging systems underestimate glaucoma severity by not detecting macular damage.

Vision Impairment and Receipt of Eye Care Among Older Adults in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):146-158. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5449

This study of cross-sectional survey data from the World Health Organization Study on Global Aging and Adult Health identifies the characteristics associated with vision impairment and receipt of eye care in a sample of low- and middle-income countries.

Factors in Premature Infants Associated With Low Risk of Developing Retinopathy of Prematurity

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):160-166. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5520

This cohort study analyzes the frequency of treatment for retinopathy of prematurity in infants who were premature at birth and did not have retinopathy of prematurity prior to hospital discharge at near-term postmenstrual age.

Self-perception of School-aged Children With Amblyopia and Its Association With Reading Speed and Motor Skills

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):167-174. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5527

This cross-sectional study examines the association of amlyopia with self-perception of scholastic, social, and athletic competence in school-aged US children.

Comparison of Optical Coherence Tomography With Fundus Photographs, Fluorescein Angiography, and Histopathologic Analysis in Assessing Coats Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):176-183. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5654

This cohort study compares optical coherence tomography with fundus photographs, fluorescein angiography, and light micrographs in assessing Coats disease in US children.

Donor, Recipient, and Operative Factors Associated With Increased Endothelial Cell Loss in the Cornea Preservation Time Study

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):185-193. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5669

This cohort study examines factors associated with endothelial cell loss after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty in participants with Fuchs dystrophy or pseudophakic/aphakic corneal edema.

Vertical Hyperreflective Lesions on Optical Coherence Tomography in Vitreoretinal Lymphoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):194-198. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5835

This case series study describes the frequency of findings of vertical hyperreflective lesions on optical coherence tomography in eyes with vitreoretinal lymphoma.

Association Between Noninfectious Uveitis and Psychological Stress

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):199-205. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5893

This case-control study examines the association between uveitis and psychological stress in patients with active and controlled uveitis.

Invited Commentary

A Potential Link Between Ambient Air Pollution and Intraocular Pressure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):137-138. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5318

Looking Within Rather Than Between Countries to Understand the Risk Factors for Vision Impairment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):158-159. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5448

Childhood Self-perceptions in Children With Amblyopia: Is the Problem the Disease or the Treatment?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):174-175. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5543

What Coats Disease and Age-Related Macular Degeneration Have in Common

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):184. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5645

Association Between Noninfectious Uveitis and Psychological Stress and the Importance of Holistic Management: Treating the Patient With Uveitis as an Individual—Not a Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):206-207. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5910
Special Communication

Eye and Vision Health for Tomorrow: From Recommendations to Coordinated Action

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):208-211. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5923

This Special Communication describes the vision health challenges in the United States as well as the proposed improvements and action steps in the 2016 publication Making Eye Health a Population Health Imperative: Vision for Tomorrow.

New Instrument

High-Resolution Direct Ophthalmoscopy With an Unmodified iPhone X

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):212-213. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5806

This study describes using an unmodified iPhone X to conduct direct ophthalmoscopy.

JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

Central Scotoma After Liver Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):214-215. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.3564

A man in his 50s with a history of poorly controlled diabetes and hepatitis C–associated liver failure presented with a new central scotoma of the right eye 3 days after orthotopic liver transplant. The patient was positive for cytomegalovirus IgG antibodies but had an undetectable cytomegalovirus load 1 month before transplant. What would you do next?

Bilateral Sequential Acute Proptosis in a Woman With No History of Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):216-217. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.3741

A woman in her early 30s with a history of hypertension and opioid abuse presents with painful proptosis and mild epistaxis of the right eye. Two weeks later, proptosis and periocular edema develop in the left eye. Neither condition is related to trauma. What would you do next?

Retinal Exudates and Hemorrhages in a Survivor of Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):218-219. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.3794

A 52-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes and a history of breast cancer presents with blurry vision in her right eye and signs of intraretinal fluid. What would you do next?

A Woman With Fluctuating Left Eye Swelling and Redness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):220-221. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.4269

A 63-year-old healthy woman presented with a 3-week history of fluctuating left eye swelling and redness. She also reported a 1-week history of left eye discomfort and left-sided tinnitus, and a 1-day history of binocular horizontal diplopia. What would you do next?

Choroidal Infiltrate of Unknown Cause

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):222-223. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.4488

A woman develops visual field changes with retinal and choroidal thickening. Prior to presentation, an electrocardiogram demonstrated right bundle branch block, followed later by complete heart block. What would you do?

New Onset of Blurred Vision and Floaters

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):224-225. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.4511

A 38-year-old man with a history of refractive surgery in both eyes and well-controlled HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy presented with worsening blurry vision and floaters in the left eye for 3 weeks. Dilated fundus examination of the left eye showed significant vitritis but no obvious vascular sheathing or chorioretinal lesions. What would you do next?

Blurred Vision and Wrinkled Retinas in an Elderly Man

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):226-227. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.6254

A 64-year-old man presented with progressively worsening vision, binocular diplopia, and worsening shortness of breath. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Comparative Evaluation of 5 Validated Symptom Questionnaires as Screening Instruments for Dry Eye Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):228-229. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5243

This study compares scores on 5 validated symptom questionnaires with results of clinical testing to assess the diagnostic accuracy of each questionnaire in identifying patients with dry eye disease.

Observation

Idiopathic Retinal Vasculitis, Aneurysms, and Neuroretinitis (IRVAN) in a Patient Without IRVAN History

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):230-232. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5247

This case of a woman with idiopathic retinal vasculitis, aneurysms, and neuroretinitis reports findings before and after diagnosis.

Association of Blepharitis and Ectropion With Tumor Necrosis Factor α Inhibitor Treatment in Crohn Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):232-233. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5413

This case study investigates the possible association of tumor necrosis factor α inhibitor treatment with adverse ophthalmologic events, in this case blepharitis and ectropion.

Correction

Data Errors in Abstract and Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):233. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.6492

Errors Table 2

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):233. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6239

Error in Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):233. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.6555

Error in Table

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):233. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.6247
Ophthalmic Images

Choroidal Rupture Through the Fovea With Overlying Traumatic Epiretinal Membrane

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):e183971. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.3971

This article presents the case of a 27-year-old man with decreased visual acuity after a traumatic choroidal rupture.

Apocrine Hydrocystoma—Lantern of the Eye

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):e183975. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.3975

This article reports the case of a 53-year-old man with a cystlike swelling near his right eye.

Macrodendrite in a Patient With Herpes Simplex Virus Keratitis

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):e183979. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.3979

This article describes a 46-year-old man who presented with 2 days of pain, blurriness, and a branching macrodendrite in his right eye.

A Heart-Shaped Fovea After Macular Hole Repair

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):e185820. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.5820

This article presents the case of a 70-year-old woman whose treatment for a macular hole had a slightly unusual result.

JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137(2):126. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.4754
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