To determine whether treatment with oral azithromycin compared with topical tetracycline reduces the recurrence of trichiasis for up to 3 years following surgery for trichiasis, Woreta and coauthors randomly assigned at a 2:1 ratio 1452 patients who underwent trichiasis surgery to either a single dose of oral azithromycin (1 g) or topical tetracycline (twice per day for 6 weeks) following surgery.
The surgical management of vitreoretinal pathology in patients with a permanent Boston Type 1 keratoprosthesis in the era of small-gauge vitrectomy techniques was evaluated by Kiang et al.
Ma and colleagues discuss the case of a 38-year-old man who had an accidental perforating ocular injury while working in a factory. The patient underwent vitrectomy after primary corneal suturing for a retrobulbar foreign body and a large full-thickness posterior pole defect near the optic disc.
Kopplin and coauthors discuss the relationship between Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy severity and central cornea thickness (CCT).
In a prospective comparative study, Deng et al evaluate the cellular changes in the corneal epithelium and surrounding structures in limbal stem cell deficiency by using in vivo laser scanning confocal microscopy.
Gumus and colleagues evaluate the efficacy of onabotulinumtoxinA injection for the treatment of refractory filamentary keratitis.
Using a nationwide population-based data set, Wang et al investigate the relationship between herpes zoster and the subsequent risk of anterior uveitis during the year following a herpes zoster diagnosis.
Kim and colleagues studied whether intravitreal administration of ketorolac may allow greater therapeutic effects than topical or systemic application for patients with chroic uveitis or macular edema and thus may provide a safer alternative to corticosteroids.
Marmor studied different screening procedures for hydroxychloroquine sulfate (Plaquenil) toxicity at different stages of damage.
Sun and coauthors compare visual acuity scores after autorefraction vs manual refraction in eyes of patients with diabetes mellitus and a wide range of visual acuities. The letter score from the Electronic Visual Acuity test from the electronic Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study was measured after autorefraction and after manual refraction.
In a population-based study, Cheung et al describe the prevalence of and risk factors for age-related macular degeneration in a multiethnic Asian cohort of Chinese, Malay, and Indian persons.
Stein and colleagues used a Markov model with a 25-year horizon to determine the most cost-effective treatment option for patients with newly diagnosed mild open-angle glaucoma (OAG): observation only, treatment with generic topical prostaglandin analogs, or treatment with laser trabeculoplasty (LTP).
Latimer and collegues reported on efforts by neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing, MD, to cure glaucoma, particularly a case in 1905 in which Cushing performed extirpation of the superior cervical ganglion of a patient believed to have chronic glaucoma experiencing an acute episode who had previously underwent bilateral iridectomies. The case was found in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Surgical Archives.
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