Rautiainen et al investigate the association between the total antioxidant capacity of the diet and the incidence of age-related cataract in a population-based prospective cohort of middle-aged and elderly women.
Lindblad et al examine the association between smoking cessation and the risk of cataract extraction.
Cheng and colleagues aimed to determine whether bifocal and prismatic bifocal spectacles control myopia in children with high rates of myopia progression and assess whether the treatment effect is dependent on the lag of accommodation and/or near phoria status.
Avery and colleagues aimed to determine whether measures of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, acquired with handheld optical coherence tomography (OCT) during sedation, can differentiate between young children with and without vision loss from optic pathway gliomas (OPGs).
Chew et al describe 10-year progression rates to intermediate or advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using data from the Age-Related Eye Disease Study.
In a family-based cohort study examining data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2009, Kim and coauthors compare intraocular pressures in parents and their offspring in Korea.
Susanna et al investigate the safety and efficacy of Nd:YAG laser goniopuncture in lowering IOP in eyes having late bleb failure following trabeculectomy with mitomycin C administration. The cohort study at a referral glaucoma practice included 19 eyes of 19 patients with uncontrolled glaucoma after failed trabeculectomy.
Traynis and colleagues aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of visual field (VF) defects in the central 10° in glaucoma suspects and patients with mild glaucoma using a prospective design.
Newman-Casey et al determine whether the use of 3 different classes of postmenopausal hormone affects the risk for primary open-angle glaucoma.
Byrd et al present a method to reintroduce ophthalmic training into the medical school curriculum. They evaluate knowledge and skills acquired by second-year medical students when participating in a service project, the Community Vision Project, and develop a quantitative method for testing skills with the direct ophthalmoscope in patients.
Rentz et al describe elicitation of preferences for health states generated from the Visual Function Questionnaire–Utility Index health state classification (developed from 6 items of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire–25 [NEI VFQ-25]) and development of an algorithm to estimate health preference scores for any health state.
Shields and colleagues described the technique and evaluated the efficacy and complications of intravitreal melphalan for vitreous seeding from retinoblastoma.
Borkar et al assess the association between atopy and herpetic eye disease, including HSV ocular disease and HZO. Participants were 217 061 patients enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Hawaii health plan in 2006-2007. Study groups included patients with HSV ocular disease or HZO and 2 control groups, each randomly selected at a 4:1 ratio of controls to cases.
Ho and coauthors investigate the effect of botulinum toxin type A on tear film stability and tear production after treatment for lateral canthal rhytids.
Bird and colleagues aimed to document photoreceptor and retinal-pigmented epithelial cell loss and other changes at the retinal-pigment epithelial–choroid interface in donated human eyes in which visual loss was deemed to be due to geographic atrophy.
Muirhead reviews the life of Adolph Barkan, a mid-19th century Central European–born and –trained ophthalmologist who spent nearly half his nearly 91 years in a very successful career on the West Coast of the United States. His activities included intimate involvement in the development of a private medical school and with this school’s acquisition by Stanford University as its medical school.
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