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April 2019 - January 1929

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Issue

October 2016, Vol 134, No. 10, Pages 1083-1204

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1083. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.3262
Viewpoint

Evidence-Based Medicine vs Traditional Healers in Africa

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1085-1086. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2493

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of traditional medicine in global settings and emphasizes health care professionals’ duty to understand patients’ cultural traditions related to health and medicine.

Original Investigation

Association of Vision Impairment and Major Eye Diseases With Mobility and Independence in a Chinese Population

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1087-1093. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2394

This population-based, cross-sectional study assesses the association of vision impairment and major eye diseases with mobility and independence in a Chinese population.

Comparison of Outcomes of Laser Trabeculoplasty Performed by Optometrists vs Ophthalmologists in Oklahoma

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1095-1101. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2495

This cohort study compares the need for repeat laser trabeculoplasty among patients with glaucoma undergoing initial trabeculoplasty performed by an ophthalmologist vs optometrist.

Estimating Retinal Blood Flow Velocities by Optical Coherence Tomography

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1104-1110. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2507

This cross-sectional study compares estimates of retinal blood flow velocity measured using structural OCT vs video fluorescein angiography.

Journal Club

Public Attitudes About Eye and Vision Health

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1111-1118. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2627

This study uses US national polling data to describe respondents’ attitudes about the importance and awareness of eye health, concerns about vision loss, and awareness of eye diseases and risk factors.

Epidemiologic Trends of Chemical Ocular Burns in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1119-1124. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2645

This population epidemiology study uses Nationwide Emergency Department Sample data to describe rates of chemical burns to the eye in the United States in 2015 and 2016, and associated risk factors and costs.

Analysis of the Expression and Single-Nucleotide Variant Frequencies of the Butyrophilin-like 2 Gene in Patients With Uveal Melanoma

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1125-1133. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2691

This molecular pathology study compares expression and variant allele frequencies of butyrophilin-like 2, an immune regulator gene, in patients with uveal melanoma vs healthy controls.

Interventions to Promote Follow-up After Trabeculectomy Surgery in Rural Southern China: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1135-1141. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2819

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of text message reminders and free eye medications vs usual care on frequency of postoperative follow-up after trabeculectomy in rural southern China.

Clinical Trial

Dietary Marine ω-3 Fatty Acids and Incident Sight-Threatening Retinopathy in Middle-Aged and Older Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: Prospective Investigation From the PREDIMED Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1142-1149. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2906

This study evaluates whether long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids intake relates to a decreased incidence of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in individuals older than 55 years with type 2 diabetes.

Clinical Trial

Evaluation of Postoperative Povidone-Iodine in Adjustable Suture Strabismus Surgery to Reduce Suture Colonization: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1151-1155. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2926

This randomized trial compares the effects on suture colonization rate of placing a single povidone-iodine drop at the adjustable suture noose at the end of adjustable suture strabismus surgery.

Association Between County-Level Characteristics and Eye Care Use by US Adults in 22 States After Accounting for Individual-Level Characteristics Using a Conceptual Framework

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1158-1167. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3007

This national survey study uses Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data to examine associations between US county-level characteristics and eye care use between 2006 and 2010.

Clinical Trial

Effect of a Matrix Therapy Agent on Corneal Epithelial Healing After Standard Collagen Cross-linking in Patients With Keratoconus: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1169-1176. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3019

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of a new type of matrix therapy agent vs hyaluronic acid–containing eyedrops on corneal wound healing after standard corneal collagen cross-linking in patients with progressive keratoconus.

Brief Report

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Rates of Penetrating or Endothelial Keratoplasty for Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy Among US Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1178-1180. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2735

This study evaluates the association between race/ethnicity and incidence of advanced Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy, defined by a need for endothelial or penetrating keratoplasty.

Elimination of Topical Antibiotics for Intravitreous Injections and the Importance of Using Povidone-Iodine: Update From the Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1181-1183. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2741

This report provides updated endophthalmitis rates for eyes receiving intravitreous injections with and without povidone-iodine and rates with and without topical antibiotics from Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network clinical trials.

Chorioretinal Lesions in a Case of Melanoma-Associated Retinopathy Treated With Pembrolizumab

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1184-1188. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2944

This case report describes a patient with metastatic cutaneous melanoma-related retinopathy who developed chorioretinal lesions while on pembrolizumab.

Invited Commentary

A Gerontological Perspective on Visual Impairment and Mobility

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1093-1094. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2652

Laser Trabeculoplasty Use Patterns Among Optometrists and Ophthalmologists in Oklahoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1101-1102. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2567

Public Health Policy Lessons From Oklahoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1102-1103. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2573

Genetic Variants of the BTNL2 Gene in Uveal Melanoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1133-1134. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2940

Eat Your Fish or Go for Nuts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1150. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2942

Evaluation of the Risk of Postoperative Infection in Adjustable Suture Strabismus Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1156-1157. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2943

The Role of Contextual Factors in Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Eye Care Use

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1167-1168. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2996

Abrasions, Planned Defects, and Persistent Epithelial Defects in Corneal Epithelial Wound Healing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1176-1177. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3086
JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

Eruption of Eyelid Target Lesions

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1189-1190. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.0934

A teenaged boy awakened 2 days prior to presentation with a few skin lesions, which rapidly spread to the rest of his right eyelids. Examination revealed clusters of target lesions on the right upper and lower lids, with papillae in the upper palpebral conjunctiva and follicles and a few pustules in the lower palpebral conjunctiva. What would you do next?

Severe Headache and Blurred Vision

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1191-1192. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1295

A woman in her 30s with transverse sinus thrombosis and worsening symptoms has severe papilledema with optic nerve edema. What would you do next?

A Special Case of Horner Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1193-1194. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1654

A man aged 51 years presented with signs of Horner syndrome accompanying left-sided hemibody paresthesia, dysphasia, and ataxia. What would you do next?

Unusual Photophobia in a Child

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1195-1196. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1825

A 7-year-old boy with Klinefelter syndrome presented with 4 years of intense intermittent photophobia. Visual acuity and examination was normal except for punctate keratitis in the epithelial and subepithelial layers that stained lightly with fluorescein. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Association of Accelerometer-Assessed Sedentary Behavior With Diabetic Retinopathy in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1197-1198. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2400

This study uses NHANES data to evaluate the association between sedentary behavior and nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy in US adults.

Observation

Diffuse Histiocytic Sarcoma Involving the Choroid

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1198-1200. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2867

This case report describes a patient with systemic histiocytic sarcoma and choroidal infiltration of sarcoma cells.

Comment & Response

Similarities in the Retinal Appearance of Patients With Zika Virus Compared With Cobalamin C Deficiency

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1200-1201. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2398

Similarities in the Retinal Appearance of Patients With Zika Virus Compared With Cobalamin C Deficiency—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1201. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2404

Intra-arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1201. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2712

Intra-arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1202. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2714

Intra-arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1202-1203. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2724

Intra-arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1203. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2759

Statistical Errors Affecting Percentage Differences, 95% CIs, and P Values

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1204. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3042
Correction

Errors Reported in Percentage Differences, 95% CIs, and Associated P Values

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1204. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3292
Ophthalmic Images

Sudden Bilateral Proptosis

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):e162112. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2112

An 8-year-old Afro-Caribbean girl presented with sudden bilateral proptosis and facial/scalp swelling.

Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging of Paton Folds in Papilledema With Retinopathy From Systemic Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):e162121. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2121

A man in his thirties with no prior medical history presented with a 2-day history of headache and blurred vision. Ophthalmoscopy revealed bilateral papilledema with retinal hemorrhages and nerve fiber layer infarcts.

Mobile Retrolental Cyst in a Child With Peters Plus Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):e162125. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2125

A young child with type 2 Peters plus syndrome with a history of iridectomy of the right eye was found to have a central opacification of the red reflex during retinoscopy in clinic.

Periocular Kaposi Sarcoma as the Initial Presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):e162139. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2139

This case report describes a man in his 30s who presented with facial lesions of several months’ duration.

JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(10):1084. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.3263
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