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January 2020 - January 1929

Decade

Year

Issue

January 2020, Vol 138, No. 1, Pages 3-105

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):3. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0341
Viewpoint

Clinical Practice Settings vs Clinical Trials: Is Artificial Intelligence the Answer?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4782

This Viewpoint discusses the difference between clinical practice settings and the settings of randomized clinical trials in the context of “real-world” treatment and suggests that use of artificial intelligence may ultimately advance physician decision-making in treatment of patients.

Original Investigation

Association Between Polygenic Risk Score and Risk of Myopia

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):7-13. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4421

This meta-analysis of 3 genome-wide association studies examines the use of genetic information to predict the risk of myopia development in children in the United Kingdom.

Secondary 12-Month Ocular Outcomes of a Phase 1 Dosing Study of Bevacizumab for Retinopathy of Prematurity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):14-20. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4488

This prospective cohort study evaluates ocular outcomes at 12 months’ corrected age in infants whose eyes received a dose of 0.625, 0.25, 0.125, 0.063, or 0.031 mg of bevacizumab for type 1 retinopathy of prematurity.

Individual Risk Prediction for Sight-Threatening Retinopathy of Prematurity Using Birth Characteristics

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):21-29. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4502

This cohort study creates and validates an easy-to-use prediction model using only birth characteristics and describes a continuous hazard function for retinopathy of prematurity treatment.

Validation of the Postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Criteria

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):31-37. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4517

This cohort study evaluates the generalizability of the Postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity screening criteria in a new cohort of at-risk infants.

Economic Value of Anti–Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Treatment for Patients With Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):40-47. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4557

This economic evaluation study estimates the value generated by anti–vascular endothelial growth factor treatment for patients with wet age-related macular degeneration and society in the United States.

Risk of Death Associated With Intravitreal Anti–Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):50-57. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4636

This meta-analysis assesses whether intravitreal anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy and which variables might be associated with increased risk of mortality among patients with retinal disease.

Characteristics and Risk Factors Associated With Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Symptomatic Dry Eye Using a Smartphone Application

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):58-68. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4815

This cross-sectional study evaluates the incidence of symptomatic vs no symptomatic and diagnosed vs undiagnosed dry eye disease throughout Japan.

Brief Report

Incidence and Management of Glaucoma or Glaucoma Suspect in the First Year After Pediatric Lensectomy

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):71-75. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4571

This cohort study estimates the incidence of postoperative glaucoma and glaucoma suspect among patients who underwent cataract surgery before age 13 years and evaluates potential risk factors.

Association of Limiting Opioid Prescriptions With Use of Opioids After Corneal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):76-80. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4432

This cohort study assesses the association of decreased prescription of opioids with the quantity of postsurgical use of opioids among adults undergoing corneal surgery.

Differentiating Retinal Detachment and Retinoschisis Using Handheld Optical Coherence Tomography in Stage 4 Retinopathy of Prematurity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):81-85. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4796

This study compares features of eyes with stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) vs indirect ophthalmoscopy findings and grading of photographs.

Invited Commentary

A Prediction Model for Retinopathy of Prematurity—Is It Ready for Prime Time?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):29-30. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4608

Time to Consider Adoption of New Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Guidelines in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):38-39. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4622

Economic Evaluation of Anti–Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy for Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):48-49. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4582

Epidemiologic Research in Dry Eye Disease and the Utility of Mobile Health Technology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):69-70. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4833
Special Communication

Assessing the Use of Incorrectly Scaled Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Images in Peer-Reviewed Studies: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):86-94. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4821

This systematic review assesses the percentage of ophthalmology studies using optical coherence tomography angiography images that include correct scaling to make such images comprehensible to readers.

JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

Relapsing Optic Neuropathy and Multiple Cranial Neuropathies in a Middle-aged Woman

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4410

A 55-year-old woman presents with decreased visual acuity, and magnetic resonance imaging shows thickening of the optic nerves and other areas of the brain. Over 5 years, she returns with multiple similar presentations. What would you do next?

Chronic Conjunctivitis in an Older Patient With Ptosis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):97-98. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4439

An older woman presents with chronic pain in her left eye that has recurred after several courses of treatment. What would you do next?

A Black-Pigmented Eyelid Nodule in an African American Woman

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4591

An African American woman presents with a pigmented lesion on her upper eyelid with madarosis, eyelid margin notching, and telangiectasia. What would you do next?

Research Letter

A Geometric Analysis of Eye Dominance Suggesting That Rembrandt and Leonardo da Vinci Had Straight Eyes After All

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):101-102. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4603

This study theorizes about the straightness of the eyes of Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn and Leonardo da Vinci through diagrams and images.

Observation

SETD2 Mutation in an Aggressive Optic Nerve Glioma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):102-104. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4511

This case report describes a 19-month-old boy with a SETD2 mutation in an aggressive optic nerve glioma.

Ophthalmic Images

Corneal Allograft Treatment for Conjunctival Erosion Caused by Electronic Retinal Implant

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):e190051. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0051

This case report describes a full-thickness cornea graft treatment for recurrent conjunctival dehiscence after Argus II implant to avoid explant.

Self-inflicted Ocular Injury—Does It Relieve the Pain?

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):e190055. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0055

This case report describes a color photograph showing the insulin needle inside the eye with its extrascleral posterior edge and a volume-rendered multiplanar reconstruction image showing multiple needles in the orbit.

Bilateral Choroidal Osteomas With Choroidal Neovascularization

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):e190059. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0059

This case report describes bilateral choroidal osteomas.

Choroidal Metastasis From Melanoma Treated by Cyberknife Irradiation

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):e190388. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0388

This case report describes a melanotic choroidal metastasis in the right eye.

Comment & Response

Eye Care Trends in Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):104-105. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4663

Eye Care Trends in Young Adults—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.4666
Correction

Error in Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.5102

Errors in Results, Table, and Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.5692

Errors in Group Information

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):105. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.5915
JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(1):4. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2019.0342
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