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September 29, 2022
Original Investigation

Association Between Parental Leave and Ophthalmology Resident Physician Performance

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 29, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3778

This cross-sectional study investigates if there is an association between parental leave and ophthalmology resident physician performance.

Doxycycline vs Placebo at 12 Weeks in Patients With Mild Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 29, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3779

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of doxycycline vs placebo in patients with mild thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.

Invited Commentary

Oral Doxycycline for Mild Thyroid Eye Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 29, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3787
Comment & Response

Rates of Visual Field Change in Patients With Glaucoma and Healthy Individuals—Findings From a Median 25-Year Follow-up

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 29, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3270

Rates of Visual Field Change in Patients With Glaucoma and Healthy Individuals—Findings From a Median 25-Year Follow-up—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 29, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3273
September 22, 2022
Original Investigation

Visual Outcomes and Optical Quality of Accommodative, Multifocal, Extended Depth-of-Focus, and Monofocal Intraocular Lenses in Presbyopia-Correcting Cataract Surgery: A Systematic Review and Bayesian Network Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 22, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3667

This systematic review and network meta-analysis compares outcomes of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses frequently recommended in clinical practice.

Association of Drugs With Acute Angle Closure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 22, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3723

This case-crossover study of data from the national health insurance database in Korea assesses the association between drugs prescribed to patients with acute angle closure and the development of the condition.

Invited Commentary

Choosing Intraocular Lenses in Patients Undergoing Bilateral Cataract Extraction—One Size Does Not Fit All

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 22, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3692

Association, Risk, and Causation—Examining the Role of Systemic Medications in the Onset of Acute Angle-Closure Episodes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 22, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3724
Research Letter

Global Estimates of Diabetic Retinopathy Prevalence and Progression in Pregnant Individuals With Preexisting Diabetes: A Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 22, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3722

This study repeats previous meta-analyses of the prevalence and progression of diabetic retinopathy in pregnant populations with preexisting diabetes.

September 15, 2022
Original Investigation

Ophthalmological Findings in Youths With a Newly Diagnosed Brain Tumor

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 15, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3628

This cohort study assesses the prevalence and types of visual symptoms and abnormal ophthalmological findings in Dutch youths with a newly diagnosed brain tumor.

Brief Report

Association of Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status With Visual Impairment in Adolescent Children in the US

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 15, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3627

This cross-sectional study investigates the sociodemographic factors associated with visual impairment in adolescent children in the US.

JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

Treatment-Refractory Nodular Scleritis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 15, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3591

A 59-year-old woman with a 5-year history of intermittent bilateral uveitis and scleritis presented with painful left uveitis and an episcleral nodule shown to be a uveal-episcleral lesion on ultrasound biomicroscopy. Biopsy of a nasal sinus mass 3 years earlier showed a histiocytic infiltrate with emperipolesis, consistent with Rosai-Dorfman-Destombes disease. What would you do next?

Comment & Response

The Enigma of the Posterior Displacement of the Bruch Membrane Opening During Spaceflight

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 15, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3637

The Enigma of the Posterior Displacement of the Bruch Membrane Opening During Spaceflight—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 15, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3634
September 8, 2022
Brief Report

Detection of Nonglaucomatous Macula Findings With Ganglion Cell Analysis Printouts vs Full Macular Cube Scans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3450

This cross-sectional study evaluates the use of B-scans of the macular cube in the evaluation of nonglaucomatous macular pathology vs ganglion cell analysis alone.

Observation

Pterygium-Derived Artifact Simulating an Intraocular Tumor With Ultrawide-Field Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3444

This case report describes an uncommon artifact of ultrawide-field imaging derived from a large pterygium, which mimicked an intraocular tumor.

Abemaciclib and Fulvestrant for Bilateral Choroidal Metastasis From Breast Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3453

This case report discusses the follow-up of a woman with HR+/ERBB2 invasive ductal breast carcinoma metastatic to the lungs, brain, and spine.

Comment & Response

Statistical Considerations for Meta-analysis of Diabetic Retinopathy Prevalence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3470

Statistical Considerations for Meta-analysis of Diabetic Retinopathy Prevalence—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3473

Correspondence Regarding Changes in the Incidence of Retinal Vascular Occlusions After COVID-19 Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3476

Correspondence Regarding Changes in the Incidence of Retinal Vascular Occlusions After COVID-19 Diagnosis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 8, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3479
September 7, 2022
Viewpoint

Role of Ophthalmology in Emerging Infectious Diseases

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 7, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.4017

This Viewpoint discusses the role that the field of ophthalmology will continue to play in the identification, control, and treatment of novel pathogens.

JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

A Dome-Shaped Eyelid Nodule in a Young White Man

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 7, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3741

A 27-year-old White man presented with a recent onset of malaise, chills, night sweats, sore throat with difficulty swallowing, and a skin rash affecting his trunk, limbs, and genitalia. His right eye was red with watery discharge and there was a dome-shaped nodule on his lower eyelid. What would you do next?

Observation

Conjunctivitis in an Individual With Monkeypox

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 7, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3743

This case report describes a case of monkeypox in a patient with HIV presenting with conjunctivitis.

Ophthalmic Images

Subconjunctival Nodule in a Patient With Acute Monkeypox

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 7, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3742

This case report describes a patient with acute monkeypox with a subconjunctival nodule.

September 1, 2022
Original Investigation

Using a Smartphone 3-Dimensional Surface Imaging Technique to Manufacture Custom 3-Dimensional–Printed Eyeglasses

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 1, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3312

This quality improvement study compares scans from magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional surface imaging (3DSI) and assesses the reported fit of 3-dimensional–printed glasses designed for pediatric patients with craniofacial abnormalities.

Evaluation of Generative Adversarial Networks for High-Resolution Synthetic Image Generation of Circumpapillary Optical Coherence Tomography Images for Glaucoma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 1, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3375

This cross-sectional study assesses whether generative models can synthesize circumpapillary optic nerve head optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of normal and glaucomatous eyes and determines the usability of synthetic images for training deep learning models for glaucoma detection.

Fundus Changes in the Offspring of Mothers With Confirmed Zika Virus Infection During Pregnancy in French Guiana, Guadeloupe, and Martinique, French West Indies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online September 1, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2022.3405

This cross-sectional study investigates the ocular lesions of children exposed to the Zika virus during pregnancy in the French West Indies.

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