During the last 2 decades, bronchoscopy has been more frequently used in the diagnosis and follow-up of cases with endobronchial tuberculosis. The recognition of the segmental bronchi9 increased the value of diagnostic bronchoscopy.Olsen and Hinshaw,15 and Sergent19 stressed the importance of bronchoscopic examination for the diagnosis of cases with normal chest x-ray and positive acid-fast bacilli in sputum or gastric secretions.The incidence of tuberculous bronchitis shows a great variety, according to different authors. Erman5 reported 8.3% of patients with proved tuberculosis to have positive endobronchial tuberculosis. Buckles and Neptune2 on bronchoscopic examination found 14%, Macrae et al.13 found 7% in men and 28% in women in a series of 335 cases.The frequency of endobronchial tuberculosis found at autopsies also showed considerable variation; Flance and Wheeler6 reported 3.1% in 285 consecutive autopsies, Olsen and Hinshaw15 found 42.1% in 1,000
GOZUM E. Bronchoscopy Findings in Tuberculosis. Arch Otolaryngol. 1961;73(3):301–303. doi:10.1001/archotol.1961.00740020309009
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