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Progress in Otolaryngology
April 1961

Progress in Bronchoesophagology, 1959-1960

Arch Otolaryngol. 1961;73(4):500-502. doi:10.1001/archotol.1961.00740020510015

Bronchology  Progress in bronchology during the 2-year period 1959-1960 included a number of original articles on topical and general anesthesia. Kleitsch1 used 2% tripelennamine and.5% tetracaine hydrochloride as the topical anesthetic in 455 cases of peroral endoscopy, utilizing no more than 10 cc. for each patient. This solution proved safe, was easily applied with adequate depth of anesthesia, and no complications developed. Gupta2 reported 5 cases of hypersensitivity and/or toxicity to amethocaine hydrochloride and lignocaine during bronchoscopy and bronchography.Brown and Young3 used nitrous oxide general anesthetic in 723 outpatient bronchoscopies, including children, without serious complications. Atropine sulfate (0.8 mg.) followed by 1 ml. of 2.5% thiopentone sodium for each 0.08 ml. per kg. of body weight, rapidly injected intravenously, caused cessation of breathing, after which the lungs were forcibly ventilated with nitrous oxide and oxygen for 3 minutes. Bronchoscopy was then performed with the gas mixture

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