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The steady advance of science depends in no small part upon communication between scientists to build upon previous work and to avoid wasteful duplication of research effort and repetition of mistakes. Students and medical research workers require a convenient and up-to-date index of current medical literature to keep themselves informed.
The first Index Medicus was established by the Surgeon General's Office in 1879, and published until 1926. It was then combined with the Quarterly Cumulative Index published by the American Medical Association since 1916, the name of the combined index being the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus. This exceedingly effective, convenient, and up-to-date cross-indexing system was published at the American Medical Association with support from the Carnegie Institution until 1931, when the A.M.A. assumed full financial support, as well as the editing and publication of the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus.
During World War II the prompt publication of the bound volumes
Cumulated Index Medicus. Arch Otolaryngol. 1962;75(2):95. doi:10.1001/archotol.1962.00740040101001
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