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Regular Departments
May 1962


Arch Otolaryngol. 1962;75(5):468-476. doi:10.1001/archotol.1962.00740040479017

Man-Made Air—Problems and Limitations. Presented by Capt. Gerald J. Duffner, MC, USN (by invitation).  Since the crew of an atomic-powered submarine must remain submerged for long periods of time, the problem of supplying respirable air is a complicated one. It embraces not only the maintenance of an adequate supply of oxygen but also the problem of eliminating the carbon dioxide and certain toxic substances such as carbon monoxide, aerosols, heat and water vapor, hydrocarbons, and toxic volatile matters such as methyl alcohol, etc. The toxic substances originate either in the materials from which the submarine is constructed, or introduced by the crew, or induced by the activities and materials employed in efforts to remove the first 2. The by-products of tobacco smoke and emanations from the ship paint and cleansing materials are among a few mentioned. The mechanics involved in the control of these elements are all given in some