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November 2017

Teaching Quality Improvement and Patient Safety in Residency Education: Strategies for Meaningful Resident Quality and Safety Initiatives

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
  • 2Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston
  • 3Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(11):1069-1070. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1317

Providing foundational knowledge and skill sets in patient safety and quality improvement (PS/QI) is integral to otolaryngology–head and neck surgery (OHNS) resident education. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that trainees develop meaningful and measurable skills in QI,1 and Clinical Learning Environment Review institutional site visits assess quality and safety in the learning environment. The PS/QI training during residency prepares otolaryngology trainees for practice, and an otolaryngologist’s ability to demonstrate PS/QI competencies is necessary for maintenance of certification and for reimbursement.2 Cultivating PS/QI competencies during residency education promotes clinical innovation, patient-centered outcomes, interdisciplinary relationships, and leadership.

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