Vestibular migraine (VM) is a common cause of recurrent episodic vertigo and is accompanied by migraine-related symptoms.1 The International Headache Society and the International Barany Society for Neuro-Otology developed a consensus document containing the diagnostic criteria for VM.2 Vestibular migraine has a close association with Meniere disease (MD), and a substantial overlap between these 2 diseases has been reported.3 In 1972, MD that affected only hearing was proposed as a subtype known as cochlear MD.4 However, this diagnosis did not appear in the updated diagnostic criteria and is rarely used nowadays.4
Lai J, Liu T. Proposal for a New Diagnosis for Cochlear Migraine. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(3):185–186. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2427
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