Although the technology has existed for decades, craniofacial applications for 3-dimensional (3-D) printing remains in its infancy. Preoperative surgical planning, education, reconstruction, and implantation are among the current topics of investigation into craniofacial applications for 3-D printing.1 The implications for 3-D printing in soft tissue reconstruction have been thoroughly discussed in the setting of congenital anomalies and ablative or traumatic defects.2 The execution of this technology in routine reconstructive practice has suffered from technologic naivety as well as the requisite cost, time, and resources.
Shipchandler TZ, Rabbani CC, Kao R. Three-Dimensional Printing of Nasal ProstheticsOvercoming the Hump. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 10, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.0371
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